Conflict Resolution Lab
The lab engages in several research projects, trying to bring new insight to the field of Conflict Resolution and learn from the success and failure stories of the past in order to build a toolbox for facing the conflicts of the future.
The Evens Program in Mediation
and Conflict Management
Tel Aviv University
Karen Umansky had won 2019 Dan David scholarship in the category of Defending Democracy for her study:
The Rise of New Radical Parties in Contemporary European Politics: Assessing the Impact of New Radical Right Parties’ Mobilazaiton Strategy on the Political Sphere.
The Challenge of Radicalization of the Political Sphere in Contemporary Western Democracies
BMI Fellow Karen Umansky
This research aims to assess the impact of the Freedom Party (FPÖ) on the results of the 2017 general election in Austria. Austria was one of the first European countries to witness the re-emergence of the radical right in the post-WW2 era. The new radicalism embedded in the political discourse and manifested in slogans against the ruling elites and immigrants, differs from the traditional radical right, albeit still providing a clear distinction between “us” and “the other”. The political sphere in contemporary multi-party systems should be regarded as a multi-dimensional system, as shown in the diagram.
The research examines the case of the 2017 general election in Austria through the prism of a “legitimate” enemy, according to which new radical parties not only address pervading public concerns and challenge incumbent political elites, but also shape voters’ identities by providing them with a sense of belonging to “us”, the “people” as opposed to the “other”. To do so, populist radical parties use a “legitimate” enemy mobilization strategy by creating an alleged enemy in their political agendas, which becomes “legitimate” when it is held responsible for public concerns, such as the economic situation, crime or even environmental issues. The principal aim of the research was to understand the nature of the populist radical right and determine how and to what degree mainstream parties share their positions on economy and unemployment, government and politics, immigration and the EU. These chiefly involve the two traditionally polarized and ideologically diverse Lagers – the Social Democrats and the Conservatives – but also smaller parties of the opposition, such as the Liste Pilz and NEOS. Preliminary results indicate that the two parties with the highest election gains, ÖVP and FPÖ, do indeed share several key ideologies concerning the above-mentioned dimensions of immigration, economy, government and the EU.
Pipelines and Platforms: The Struggle for Energy Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean in Historical Perspective, 1967-2017
PhD Students Carl Yonker & Jesse Weinberg
Refugees in Town: Assessing the "Local Turn" of Forced Migrants Integration
PhD Student Nora Meissner